fall-163496_1280The question how do musicians make money is difficult to answer since how much a musician makes depends on several factors such as branding, type of music, the artists’ management team, type of listeners and the list is endless.

A classic example is the comparison between Adele and Katy Perry.

Whereas Adele’s song Hello received airplay from major radio stations globally, and even got renditions from all leading musicians globally, Ketty Perry still remained the top paid artist in 2015.

Thus, how does she do it?

  • Tours

Taking a world tour is one of the best ways artists can make money.

This is why all major artists line up at least one world tour every year particularly after launching an album or releasing a new song.

People still buy concerts tickets particularly for celebrated artists and since the tour usually involves several stops, the artists can make enough to cover the expenses for the tour and save a reasonable amount.

  • Product franchisingmusician-203479_1920

This is a major source of revenue for artists whose music appeals to young adults and teenagers.

This is a group struggling with identity issues and being associated with a famous rock band is a source of pride to them.

Further, this group has money, mainly an allowance from their parents and has little or no expenses to pay for. One direction, one of the leading rock bands made a bulk of its revenue selling branded T-shirts and hats in 2015.

  • Licensing on a movie or TV

Although most artists don’t make money from selling records anymore, a substantial number still makes money through royalties by licensing their music to TV, radio or a movie.

The potential earnings from this source range from $250,000 to $600,000 depending on some factors.

Celine Dion’s song titled My Heart Will Go On’ is a classical example of this, soon after being licensed on the movie, the sales rose to over 2 million with undisclosed millions of dollars paid to her in royalties by Titanic producers.

  • Digital platforms

In this era of free downloads, it is easy to think that artists don’t make money through digital platforms.

I-tunes, You Tube and Shopify are great platforms that have enabled artists make millions.

These platforms pay artists depending on the number of views, subscription or how many times their music is listened to. Apart from paying for subscription, YouTube pays artists for advertisements thus generating an extra stream of income.

  • Fashion lineband-691224_1280

Having a fashion line can earn artists some good money, sometimes even more than what they make from music.

Jessica Simpson’s line which includes hats, jeggings and other products earns her between 750 million and a billion dollars annually.

Justin Bieber is another great artist making millions through his fashion line including perfume which made 3 million dollars within the first three weeks after being launched.

Fashion line seems to be the in thing in the world of celebrities as more artists are either launching or planning to launch a fashion line including controversial Kanye West.

Thus, although traditional sources of revenue like selling records are shrinking, artists are finding new and innovative ways to make money.
Hence, the question how do musicians make money does not have one simple answer but rather depends on how aggressive and creative an artist’s is in identifying revenue sources.

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You might probably be asking yourself just what does a line over a note means?

Well, in this article we will specifically address this particular query.

In musical notation, this phrase is usually referred to as the tenuto.

In the literal sense of the term, the tenuto signifies that the musician should hold the note marked in this way for its entire value and restrain from cutting it off too soon.

In essence, a line that appears above a musical note happens to be a direction that musicians playing a musical piece are obliged to follow.beethoven-904369_640

It is important to point out that the tenuto is one of the very earliest marks that have ever been utilized in musical theory.

piano-926851_1920The exact meaning of a line over a note in musical notation

The exact significance of the tenuto is contextual in nature.

On one hand, it is used to indicate, like earlier mention, that the musician should hold the note that has been marked in this manner to its entire length.

On the other hand, a line over a note can signify that the musician is required to play that particular note in a slightly louder tone.

Generally speaking, the tenuto is meant to change the dynamics and even the exact length of time a musical note can be played.

This in plain language just means that a note that appears marked in this way ought to be emphasized more than the other notes in a musical composition.

The other musical marks that influence a line over a notemusic-25705_1280

A line which appears above a musical note meaning can, at the same time, be significantly influenced when it is further articulated by some specific musical marks.

For example, whenever the tenuto appears in conjunction with a staccato dot, the musician will then understand that it signifies “non legato” or simply detached.

Alternatively, when a line over a note is made use of along with an accent mark, its exact meaning also changes.

For those who might perhaps not be in the know, an accent mark in musical notation indicates dynamics.

Therefore whenever a line above a note is utilized with an accent mark, the musician is directed to play that particular note for its entire length.

In some certain circumstances it can also indicate that the musician is required to play such a note for an additional duration rather than its full length.

Well, now you definitely understand just what does a line over a note means? Particularly when it comes to the usages of musical notation, and extension musical theory.

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